The aim is to provide much needed assistance to certain Village District Committee (VDC) wards and to work in coordination with the villagers. We will increase man power, materials and other requirements to enable them to get back on their feet and return to their self-sufficient way of life. The core objective is to rebuild schools, improve building safety and introduce sustainable resources, so that in a repeat event damage will be less devastating and lack of resources less critical.
NCRR have chosen to work on the rebuilding of village schools as part of our building phase. School buildings within Nepalese villages are an integral part of the social network, community and social structure of a village. Not only are schools a place for education and a safe, supervised place for parents to leave their children, they also represent community centers. They are more important now than ever as they are a safe place for children to go to while parents clear and rebuild.
In the VDC there are some 600 houses destroyed. Although we would like to assist, it would be an immeasurable task for us to rebuild every house and with local politics heavily involved it is nigh impossible to begin such a large project.
In the long term the villagers will receive financial assistance from the Nepal Government to rebuild their homes (Details of this and when it will be released are still unclear and it could take some time). The best thing we can do is secure local families in shelters, provide building advice and materials before the monsoon and then assist them in opening up channels to access the funds from the Government as well as maintain a stable food and medical aid supply until they can become self-sufficient again.
By choosing the rebuilding of schools as our core objective we:-
a. Can quite successfully implement our objective
b. By using earthquake safe building technology we can also provide education and training for local people in regard. As a result we hope to initiate the safe building of houses in the region. The equipment we use will be donated to the community for reuse.
To be successful in the above proposal we have created teams who are currently being educated with regard to safe building technique.
To rebuild six primary schools and one Secondary School in the Shikhar Besi VDC. NCRR Objective is to re build the school as earthquake resistant, sustainable (Rainwater Harvesting, Solar Power, Bio Toilets), to create better, safer and long term learning environments for the students.
We sent a team on the 25th May 2015 to assess the schools, document needs and sizes required and assess damages to schools and properties so that we can extract a proper budget.
Shikhra Besi VDC is located about 120km North of Kathmandu (by Road) at base of Langtang Lugri Himalaya in Nuwakot Jila (District), one of the most heavily affected areas after the earthquake. The terrain is steep and rocky. 50% of the VDC has rough jeep road access. 80% of the wards are only accessed by walking.
The VDC is made up of 9 Wards â€“ all of which NCRR has serviced over a one month period with Food, Medicines and Tarps
1. WARD 1 â€“ 133 Households
2. WARD 2 â€“ 77 Households
3. WARD 3 â€“ 85 Households
4. WARD 4 â€“ 85 Households
5. WARD 5 â€“ 64 Households
6. WARD 6 â€“ 143 Households
7. WARD 7 â€“ 70 Households
8. WARD 8 â€“ 115 Households
9. WARD 9 â€“ 87 Households
(One Household consists on average of 5 people, 7 animals, 1 main building, 1 animal shelter, 1 room for harvest storage, 1 toilet)
7 of these Wards have Primary Schools and 1 Secondary School which have been destroyed by the earthquake.
We have committed to go ahead with the Primary Schools and have obtained the first step paperwork from the Education Ministry along with a sign MoU with our intention to rebuild seven schools. As part of the agreement with the Nepal Government we have to take over all the schools in the area.
CHALLENGES AND HOW WE WILL OVERCOME THEM
To many to count! Building a school and raising funds to do so is usually a rather simple affair but in Nepal we are faced with many more challenges.
The government of Nepal has imposed a 2 year ban on building schools until a proper land assessment has been made. Though this could be a problem, we think that public pressure will force the government to remove this ludicrous ban. While the safety aspects are well founded , by rights they should approve the construction method and chosen sight, they cannot expect children to learn in tents for two years, not with the extreme weather conditions in Nepalâ€¦.wet monsoons cold winters, extreme hot summers! Itâ€™s yet another sign of the Nepal Governmentâ€™s lack of respect or understanding of the Rural people of Nepal.
Working with the local government (VDC) has been a challenge for us from the start. Here we need to make and MOU with the local VDC defining
A â€“ NCRR Intentions
B- VDC expectations
C â€“ Ward Expectations
Here we are striving to ensure that any of our donations are subject to corruption, discriminations (Inter -caste) and miss use.
Getting aid to the villages will always be a challenge due to the geographic lay of the land and remoteness of the villages. Most equipment and materials need to be carried 1 to 4 hours. We need to source material locally and also employ local people as porters.
There are threats of landslides in the area due to the landscape. The monsoon will tell us a lot and post monsoon, a proper assessment of the land-safety will be required. It is possible some of the existing school sights may need to be relocated.
To Be Decided
PROJECT TIME FRAME
1st June â€“ 1st September â€“ Fundraising Phase, Paperwork and Government and Education Ministry Liaisons, VDC and NCRR MOU to be made and signed.
1st September â€“ 1st November â€“ Leadwork
Sourcing Materials, Assessing Post monsoon damages and Landslides, Delivery of Materials to the VDC, Clearing of School Areas for Rebuilding, Forming of building teams, Consultations with Engineers.
1st December â€“ 7 Week Building Phase
BUDGET (Provisional Estimated Budget) US$104350
*Detailed Budget to be Provided by 1st August 2015
NCRR â€“ To Proivde 90% of the funding. Local people to provide 10% of the funding this creates ownership of the project. 10% can be in the form of materials, labor and other help
Transport â€“ US$3500
Transport of Materials and Manpower â€“ US$3500
Estimated 10 trips @ US$350 per trip includes Jeep, Heavy Truck and Motorbike. 4 tonne of materials can be transported per trip.
Use of Local Labour (Porters, Carpenters, Welders) â€“ US$3000
Professional Assessments, Engineeres and Advisors (Landslide, Sanitation) â€“ US$2000
Materials â€“ US$75,000
– Rice Sacks
– Wood/Timber for Doors and Roof (Some is salvageable)
– Tin Roofing (Some of the existing sheets can be reused plus we have 200 12 foot high quality roofing sheets being used for temporary shelters, we plan to re-use these).
– Glass for Windows
– Stone for Foundations
Rain Water Harvesting System –
US$800 (Water Tank) x 7 schools (US$5600)
Filtration system US$250 x 7 schools (US$1750)
Quoted by Smart Pani
Solar Panels/Invertor/Batteries â€“ US$1000 per School = US$7000
We are investigating a lead on this where we might be able to get free solar installations per school and just add additional panels.
Toilets (Dry Toilets) â€“ US$500 per School = US$3500
When building the schools we plan to use local manpower as labor for carting goods, manual work and also employ skilled local people for carpentry , masonry etc.
We will sit with the VDC and fix wages (Minimal â€“ we need to compromise as we are providing a service) and work out a rotor per ward so that people are entitled to labor and income in a fair way.
POSSIBLE NEGATIVE IMPACT
There is a high probability aid handouts can create substantially reliant communities who do not acquire the resolve to help themselves.
In response NCRR observes the following three arguments.
HEAVY RELIANCE â€“ Nepal has a long history of international aid collaboration. Which one may hypothetically identify a sense of apathy among local people when considering who or where the offer of assistance may originate from, or create the expectation that it comes freely. That is why NCRR are determined to work responsibly in coordination with the villagers and to introduce sustainable living resources to assure long term self-sufficiency. NCRR will assist and support, however, any project we create will be coordinated with local involvement and encourage local ownership. The project completion time will be clearly communicated and there will be a formal handover to the local VDC/Ward at such time.
ONGOING PERIODIC SUPPORT on a SLIDING SCALE- These villages have suffered huge losses of food stock, seed stock and livestock. It is not our intention to go into an area and provide short-term food and relief. However, NCRR are dedicated in offering long term periodic support on a sliding scale to the chosen area. Over time we expect these villages to increase their productivity with regard to food, shelter and other areas of recovery. At such time NCRR will slowly withdraw our physical presence and remain periodically observant.
A REPEAT EVENT â€“ As Nepal is a geographically unstable country, there is a high probability of a repeat event. NCRR are very mindful of this probability in any rebuild, ensuring that the rebuild phase is done following the best earthquake resilient building practices.